There are various aspects to consider while buying a new car, especially if you’re debating whether to go with a manual or automatic car. Aside from picking the correct gasoline type and seating capacity, you need also to understand about the gearbox. While automated cars are more common in metropolitan areas, manual cars can be found in both urban and rural areas. Each has its own set of benefits and provides a fantastic ride and level of comfort.

Transmission Fundamentals (Gearbox):

A gearbox changes gear ratios to transmit power to the wheels, allowing the car to move forward or backwards. There are two basic types of transmission in automobiles. There are two sorts of gearboxes: manual and automatic, with several types of variants in the latter. Manual gearboxes require manual intervention to shift gears and use the clutch pedal to deliver power to the wheels; however, automatic gearboxes use mechanical pieces to assist in gear shifting and require very little manual interaction.

Different Types of Car Transmissions

Cars are often sold with one of two transmission options: manual or automatic. However, there are several types of automatic transmissions, including CVT (Continuously Variable Transmission), DCT (Dual Clutch Transmission), and, more recently, the AMT (Automatic Manual Transmission) (Automated Manual Transmission). There are a few more that are more advanced and more expensive than the common transmission marketed around the world. The most common types of gearboxes in the automobile industry are listed below, along with how they perform when compared to manual vs automated transmission:

What is Manual Transmission (MT)?

The driver controls the manual transmission or manual gearbox by adjusting the gear lever, clutch pedal, and acceleration pedal to deliver power from the engine to the gearbox, which in turn sends power to the wheels. In India, it is a hand-operated gear lever that is commonly utilised.

What is Automatic Transmission (AT) and how does it work?

The automatic gearbox uses mechanical components to shift ratios without requiring the driver to operate the gear lever or clutch. Because of its ease of use, it is becoming more popular in India.

What is CVT (Continuously Variable Transmission)?

The CVT gearbox has only one variable gear and shifts speeds with a pulley or belt. One of the most common varieties of automated gearboxes on the market in India.

When picking between a manual and automatic gearbox car or a CVT car, there are several factors to consider. A table with numerous criteria and a comparison of automatic versus manual vs CVT cars can be seen below:

 

Factors

 

Manual Car Automatic Car CVT Car
Pricing

 

-Slightly less expensive -Affordable but not cheap -Priced Reasonably
Comfortable Driving

 

-Requires a significant amount of effort -More Convenient to Drive -More Convenient to Drive
Mileage

 

Higher -Slightly Reduced -Slightly Reduced
Cost of Maintenance

 

-Moderate -Slightly Higher -Slightly Higher
Acceleration

 

-Excellent Results -Excellent for stop-and-go traffic -Excellent for stop-and-go traffic
Count of Gears

 

-From 5 to 6 + 1 Reverse -Six to Eight -A single (Multiple Gear Ratios)

What is the Function of a Manual Transmission in a Car?

To drive the car, a manual gearbox allows the driver to alter gear ratios. While lower gear ratios provide more torque with less acceleration, higher gear ratios provide more acceleration with less torque. The term “6-speed gearbox” or “5-speed gearbox” refers to these ratios, which are also known as “speeds.” The transmission, often known as the gearbox, allows the car’s engine to deliver power to the wheels at various speeds.

To propel the car from a starting position to the finish line, a driver must engage two physical pieces of the vehicle. The clutch pedal and the gear shifter are two of these components that require the driver’s input and cannot function independently. When the driver depresses the clutch pedal, the friction clutch engages, decoupling the engine from the transmission. The engine and gearbox continue to function while the clutch pedal is depressed, but they are independent of one another. This allows the driver to change gears and draw the necessary power to drive the wheels.

Manual Transmission’s Advantages and Disadvantages

The manual transmission car, which is particularly popular in Europe and Asia, demands substantial driver input and requires the driver to select the right gear. The following are the benefits and drawbacks of a manual gearbox:

Advantages:

  • Less expensive
  • Efficient use of fuel
  • The driver has the upper hand.
  • Exceptional acceleration (Used extensively by performance and racing car drivers)
  • Maintenance costs are reduced.

Disadvantages:

  • The clutch pedal, acceleration pedal, and gear lever must all be coordinated by the driver.
  • Extensive training is required.
  • Driving in stop-and-go traffic can be difficult.
  • When comparing an auto vs. manual car, the latter has a lower resale value.

What Is the Function of an Automatic Transmission in a Car?

In an automated car gearbox configuration, the driver still plays an active role in driving the automobile, although it is significantly reduced when compared to a manual car transmission. This is due to the fact that there are fewer mechanical parts to be utilised. Parts like the clutch pedal and the gear lever aren’t even present. The driver just engages the shifter to “D” mode, which indicates drive mode, and the car does the rest. Fluid pressure is used to change gears in the gearbox.

The planetary gear set, which provides variable gear ratios to deliver power to the wheels, is the most important portion of the automatic gearbox. The automated gearbox fluid exerts pressure on the clutch and gear ratios to activate them. It lubricates and cools the car’s moving parts and allows it to travel forward or backwards. The car shifts gears automatically, and the driver does not have to offer any input other than the accelerator pedal to propel the vehicle.

Automatic Transmission’s Advantages and Disadvantages

The automatic automobile transmission relies on the automatic gearbox fluid and planetary gear set to propel the car and requires relatively little driver input. In places like the United States, automatic cars are quite popular. The following are the benefits and drawbacks of an automatic gearbox:

Pros:

  • It’s a lot easier to use.
  • In stop-and-go traffic, it’s the best.
  • Beginners will love it.
  • Increased resale value.
  • The clutch and gear lever are controlled by the car.
  • The ride is smooth, judder-free, and enjoyable.

Cons:

  • Expensive when compared to manual transmission autos.
  • Maintenance costs are higher.
  • Mileage is a little lower, but the gap is closing.

Different Types of Automatic Car Transmission

Automatic gearboxes were deemed pricey and only accessible with luxury cars, and they were only available to the wealthy. That, however, has altered in recent years. Automobile makers have developed unique items that include automatic gears of various types and sizes. Automated gearboxes have become more economical thanks to technological advancements, and automatic cars can now be purchased for less than Rs. 5 lakh. The automatic gearbox is especially useful in places like India, where stop-and-go traffic is common.

Below are some types of automatic automobile gearboxes:

1. Automated Manual Transmission (AMT)

The AMT is the most economical automatic transmission now available in India, and it is known for its cost and fuel economy. The AMT works in the same way as a manual transmission. The clutch and gear changes, on the other hand, are automated using hydraulic actuators or semi-electronic elements, needing minimal drive input to operate the vehicle.

When comparing an automatic vs AMT, the former is more inexpensive and fuel-efficient, but the latter also has drawbacks. They can be a little jerky at times, which might make them uncomfortable.It’s still a great option for people who are learning to drive a car and don’t want to use the shifter or clutch pedal. Maruti Suzuki Celerio, Renault Duster, Maruti Suzuki Alto, and more well-known cars are among them.

2. Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT)

The CVT replaces steel gears with pulleys or belts, allowing for a continuous gear shift with varied gear ratios depending on engine speed. This enables for constant acceleration while maintaining optimal fuel efficiency. This sort of gearbox is common on scooters in India, and it provides a smooth ride. Honda City, Maruti Suzuki Baleno, Honda Jazz, and other cars with CVT gearboxes are popular in India.

3. Transmission with two clutches (DCT)

In comparison to the other two types of transmissions, the DCT provides better performance and faster gear shifts. They are the most advanced transmissions, with the main benefit of being able to shift gears at high speeds while maintaining outstanding performance. The transmission is particularly responsive because to the employment of two clutches. DCT, or DSG as it is more often known, is a type of automatic transmission featured in cars such as the Volkswagen Polo, Ford Figo, Skoda Rapid, and others. While the DCT provides maximum performance, it also consumes more gasoline than other transmission types.

4. Torque Convertors

One of the oldest automated gearboxes for motor vehicles is the torque converter. The mechanicals are complex and difficult to repair because they are old. This gearbox combines planetary design gears with a turbine and a rotating portion that uses a fluid to help push the turbine. However, this causes a significant loss of transmission, resulting in lower fuel efficiency. This sort of automatic transmission isn’t as popular as it once was, and newer, more advanced automatic transmissions are taking its place.

5. Tiptronic Transmission

The Tiptronic automatic gearbox, often known as “manumatic,” is widely used in sports and performance cars. The torque converter replaces the clutch pedal in this gearbox, which is identical to the manual gearbox. With the Tiptronic transmission, drivers may choose between manual and automatic modes. Porsche was the first to use a Tiptronic gearbox in a sports car.

Cars equipped with the AMT automatic transmission are significantly less expensive and easier to maintain. In comparison to other types of automatic gearboxes such as the CVT, DCT, or Torque Converter, the repair or cost of the parts being replaced is quite low. Here are some interesting facts regarding AMT cars:

1. AMT Automobiles Are Easier to Operate

AMT automobiles, unlike manual gearbox cars, include a ‘creep’ mode that drives the vehicle at roughly 5 to 6 km/h without the driver’s input. This makes driving easier, especially in stop-and-go traffic like that found in India.

2. AMT Cars Are Easier to Maintain

In AMT automobiles, the gearbox is simply a manual gearbox with a hydraulic actuator handling the clutch and gear shifting. As a result, no sophisticated elements are used in the construction of the AMT. As a result, maintenance costs are lower than for other types of gearboxes like CVT, DCT, or torque converters.

3. AMT Cars are Fuel Efficient

Despite the misconception that automated cars have worse fuel efficiency, the AMT gearbox is just as efficient as manual gearbox-driven cars. AMT cars are more fuel-efficient than other automatic variants because the AMT has a manual transmission with additional mechanical elements to aid it.

4. AMT Has No Negative Impact on Performance

AMT was first utilised in Formula 1 race vehicles to compete on racetracks. Electronic and automated gear shifts are more exact than manual gear shifts and provide superior performance when driving an AMT vehicle. You can also switch to a manual transmission, which allows the driver to change gears without using the clutch.

5. AMT Automobiles are Reasonably Priced

The AMT is cheaper to produce than a CVT or DCT since it has less mechanical parts, and the savings are passed on to the buyer. As a result, AMT cars are less expensive than other types of automatic vehicles.

Which is Better Automatic or Manual Car?

When it comes to deciding whether to buy an automatic or a manual car, there are various factors to consider. While it is a question of personal preference, there is a clear distinction between manual and automated vehicles. Consider the following things before deciding on the correct type of vehicle for you:

1. Purpose of Buying a Car

You might want to buy a car to drive in stop-and-go traffic, or you might want to buy it because you want better control over the vehicle while driving in various conditions. Because it does not require much human input, an automatic car is certainly easier to drive in stop-and-go traffic. In congested traffic, a manual car can be inconvenient and demands a lot of driver input. The manual car, on the other hand, is a better option if you want to choose the gear the car should be driven in. Furthermore, for the optimum performance of the automobile in racing, numerous race drivers prefer manual cars to automatics since they control the speed at which the car is driven.

2. Driving for the First Time

When compared to manual autos, learning to drive an automated car is easier. This is due to the fact that driving a manual car necessitates many driver inputs. Automatic automobiles are an excellent start for a beginner who wants to drive a car without worrying about whether it has an automatic or manual transmission since they provide ease of driving, especially on congested urban or city roads.

3. The Car’s Price

If you’re looking for a cheap automobile and don’t want to spend a lot of money, manual autos are less expensive than automatic ones. AMT cars, on the other hand, have revolutionised the industry by providing affordable automated vehicles.

Consider the following factors while deciding between manual and automatic vehicles.

There should be no confusion when it comes to choosing between an automatic and a manual car. There are some crucial elements to consider before making a decision. The following are the most important factors to consider when deciding between the two:

1. Understanding the Fundamentals of Transmission

Understanding the principles of the gearbox, particularly the automatic, is the first and most significant component. Automobiles with automated transmissions can be driven without much effort or driver input, although cars with manual gearboxes have been in use for a longer time. As a result, select the appropriate gearbox for your requirements.

2. Consider Power

Purists or automobile enthusiasts will vouch for manual gearbox since they prefer to control the car rather than an automatic transmission. However, utilising a manual transmission in congested stop-and-go traffic can be challenging. The automated car, on the other hand, provides a great deal of comfort in such situations. It all depends on your needs and how you want to drive the vehicle. Before you choose the proper car, make sure you evaluate the power output.

3. Determine Your Requirements

The remaining two factors discussed how to determine your requirements. You may need a car to drive short distances on busy city roads, or you may need a car to drive long miles and require a little more power and control. You could desire to get a strong car with an automatic transmission on occasion. It is entirely dependent on your needs. Before making a decision, be sure you understand your requirements.

4. Efficacy of Fuel

Despite the conventional misconception that automatic cars have worse gas mileage, new engineering skills have resulted in low-cost, fuel-efficient automatic transmissions like the AMT. The AMT is a win-win situation for both the carmaker and the consumer. An automated car that has nearly the same fuel efficiency as a manual counterpart is unquestionably a good choice.

5. Ease of Learning

Driving a car with a manual gear change, clutch, brake, and accelerator pedal can be challenging at times, especially for someone who has never driven before. Learning to drive a car in an automated car is much easier than in a manual car because there is no gear shift lever or clutch pedal. It’s a lot easier to learn to drive a car with just the accelerator and brake.

Conclusion

Choosing between an automatic and a manual car will always be a personal choice. Some people like complete control and use the gear lever to adjust the car’s performance or speed, while others prefer an automatic automobile and let the car do the majority of the work, especially in stop-and-go traffic. An automated car is an excellent choice if you live in a metropolis or drive in congested areas. However, if you are an auto enthusiast who wants complete control of your vehicle while driving in urban or other settings, you should go for a manual vehicle.

You must also evaluate your financial situation. Manual cars are less expensive than automatic cars, are easier to drive, and have a number of other advantages. As a result, assess what your true driving needs are and test drive both an automatic and a manual car to discover which is most suited to your requirements.

Also, read

Bumper to Bumper Insurance
Hypothecation in Car Insurance
Compulsory and Voluntary Excess In Motor Insurance